Best Tourist Places To Visit In Delhi
Posted on May 18, 2020
Mainly Delhi is a combination of the two cities – Old Delhi and New Delhi but in the past seven cities was founded during different centuries from the Mahabharta period (between 1200 and 800 years before Christ). The names of these cities are: Indraprastha, Lalkot (1180 AD), Siri (1303 AD), Tughluqabad (1320 AD), Jahanpanah (1325 AD), Ferozabad (1354 AD), Dinpanah (1538–1545 AD), Shahjahanabad (old Delhi 1638 – 1649 AD) and New Delhi (December 12, 1911).
Old Delhi was founded by the Mughal emperor Shahjahan during the year 1638 and 1649. During that period it was the tradition that cities were named after their founder. That is why old Delhi was called as Shahjahanabad. Old Delhi has less green, less gardens, less trees and there is only one avenue where all the buses, trucks and cars pass. Inside the city there are narrow streets with colorful shops that are wholesalers and sell from shoes to hats, from very cheap to very expensive. Together, this part is commonly called ‘Chandani Chowk’ literally ‘Silver Square’, which does not correspond with the atmosphere of this market today.
New Delhi has been the capital of the British rule since 1911 when the British crown changed their capital from Kolkata to New Delhi. It is an imperial city and maintains the capital of independent India.
Jama Masjid was founded by the Emperor Shahjahan of the Mughal dynasty in the year between 1644 and 1656 at a cost of Rs 1 million and was inaugurayed by an Imam from Bukhara, currently a place in Uzbekistan. It is the largest mosque in India and the sixth largest mosque in the world. This mosque is carved in red sandstone with white marble and black marble in calligraphies that are verses of Quran. The prayer room is like an open gallery that has two minarets 40 m high, three perfectly built domes of white marble in a design similar to an onion and arches with many curves that have a base and weight on the columns or pillars. In this mosque during its Ramjan celebration 25,000 people pray. On the floor, a total of 899 black borders are marked for the prayer.
It is a victory arch that was founded by the British crown in memory of the Indian military killed during the First World War and the Second World War. The names of these soldiers were inscribed on the wall. It is called the India Gate because it opens an entrance to the seat of government.
Humayun’s Tomb is the predecessor of the Taj Mahal. This mausoleum was built 100 years before the Taj Mahal. This mausoleum inspired the construction of the Taj Mahal building. In the sense there is also a similarity between the two mausoleums – Humayun’s tomb is dedicated to a husband by a wife and Taj Mahal is dedicated to a wife by a husband. A magnificent 16th century construction by the Persian architects who lived in a part of the complex called ‘Arab Ki Sarai – an Arabian city’ that today houses a huge entrance door with blue tile decoration. Architecturally, this mausoleum is located on a platform that has walls, an abundance of Mughal-style arches, latticework and windows for light and air to enter. The ceiling has a very large white marble dome with a bronze vase painted in gold leaf. Around the central dome there are several domes covered with blue tiles. Inside the platform there is an underground where the original Humayu’s tomb is placed. Inside there are more or less 100 tombs. That is why it is called as “Mughal dormitory.
This minaret is the first Muslim construction in India that was started by Qutub – Ud – Din – Aibak of the Mamulak or Slave dynasty. Until the end of the 12th century the Rajputa kings ruled in North India. In 1192 an Afghan from Gaur Mohammad Gauri invaded and defeated and killed Hindu King Prithviraj Chohana and established first Muslim reign. He appointed a slave named Qutub – Uddin – Aibak as the governor and returned to his country Afghanistan. After the death Qutub proclaimed himself as the independent ruler and obtained the title of ‘Sultan’. Qutub won many wars against Hindu kings. So to commemorate his victory he started to build this minaret with a mosque but only finished the first floor. The rest of the floor was finished by iltutmish Qutub’s son-in-law. Architecturally this place is very important. On the wall of the minaret there is a floral design that is Hindu. Each floor is separated with a balcony that is a combination of windows and lattices is purely Arab or Muslim architecture. Inside the mosque we find there are many pillars that are parts of the temples built during the 8th, 9th, 10th and 11th centuries. On these pillars we can see figures of the Hindu deities, bell, lotus flower and natural scenery with birds and animals. They are small domes of the 13th and 14th century development, corbel arches. In addition to these constructions there are incomplete constructions with the Muslim school ‘Madarsa’, a minaret that was extended by Alauddin Khilji of the Khalji dynasty.
Laxmi Narayan Temple:
It is a temple built by Baldeo Das Birla, an industrialist friend of Mahatma Gandhi. The temple was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1939. It is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Vishnu, god of preservation. The altar has an idol of Vishnu with his spouse Laxmi, goddess of wealth. Vishnu has a synonym Narayana. That is why it is called the Laxmi Narayan temple. Originally the name of the temple is Birla Temple. The idol of Vishnu always has 4 arms and in each arm respectively have lotus flower, a mass, a cycle and a shell. In addition to the main god there are other idol of the Hindu deities as goddess of war and patron ‘Durga’ with the calm incarnation as ‘Yogini’ (Ladies Mediator) and more furiously killing a demon buffalo with 24 open arms and full of many weapons with your lion vehicle jumping on this buffalo. There is a painting of the goddess of the matador ‘Kali’ with demon head jewel and demon hand skirt. Also here we can see 4 incarnations of the 10 incarnation of the god Vishnu. There is an idol of Siva, god of destruction, creator of dance and music and meditation. The god Shiva is sitting with half-closed eyes on tiger skin. There is a large meditation hall that has an idol of Krishna, the seventh incarnation of the god Vishnu. There is an idol of monkey god ‘Hanumana’ and elephant god ‘Ganesha’, god of good wisdom and good luck.
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib:
It is a temple of the Sikhs who are in India since the 15th century. Gurudwara means residence of their Guru. A Gurudwara was built in the same place where their guru had previously resided. This Gurudwara was built on the residence of their sixth Guru Harkishan Ji Maharaj. This temple is very famous for its free food or offering which is called in its language ‘Langar’.
Coming more tourist places…………..